Campionato Mondiale di Calcio Italia 1934
The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second edition of the championship for men’s teams. It took place in Italy from 27 May to 10 June 1934.
16 (from 4 confederations)
8 (in 8 host cities)
Italy (1st title)
70 (4.12 per match)
363,000 (21,353 per match)
Oldrich Nejedly (Czech, 5 goals)
The 1934 World Cup was the first in which teams had to qualify to take part. Thirty-two nations entered the competition; 16 teams would qualify for the final tournament.
Italy beat Czechoslovakia, 2–1, to become the second World Cup champions and the inaugural European team titleholders.
The 1934 World Cup was marred by as a high-profile instance of a sporting event used for overt political gain. In particular, Benito Mussolini was keen to use this World Cup as a means of promoting fascism. Ever since, some historians and sports journalists have made accusations of corruption and meddling by Mussolini to influence the competition to the benefit of Italy.
Italy has always claimed to have deserved victory in the competition and the successful national team, also emerged victorious in the Olympic football tournament of 1936 hosted by Germany, and in the 1938 World Cup hosted by France.
The Federale 102 ball, which was manufactured in Italy, was the match ball provided for the 1934 World Cup
After a lengthy decision-making process in which FIFA’s executive committee met eight times, Italy was chosen as the host nation at a meeting in Stockholm on 9 October 1932. The decision was taken by the executive committee without a ballot of members. The Italian bid was chosen in preference to one from Sweden; the Italian government assigned a budget of 3.5 million Lira to the tournament.
36 countries applied to enter the tournament, so qualifying matches were required to thin the field to 16. Even so, there were several notable absentees. Reigning World Cup holders Uruguay declined to participate, in protest at the refusal of several European countries to travel to South America for the previous World Cup, which Uruguay had hosted in 1930. As a result, the 1934 World Cup is the only one in which the reigning champions did not participate.The British Home Nations, in a period of self-imposed exile from FIFA, also refused to participate, even though FIFA had offered England and Scotland direct entry to the tournament without qualification and FA member Charles Sutcliffe called the tournament “a joke” and claimed that “the national associations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland have quite enough to do in their own International Tournament which seems to me a far better World Championship than the one to be staged in Rome”
Despite their role as hosts, Italy were still required to qualify, the only time the host needed to do so. The qualifying matches were arranged on a geographical basis. Withdrawals by Chile & Peru meant Argentina and Brazil qualified without playing a single match.
Twelve of the 16 places were allocated to Europe, three to the Americas, and one to Africa or Asia (including Turkey). Only 10 of the 32 entrants, and four of the 16 qualified teams (Brazil, Argentina, United States and Egypt, the first African team to qualify for a World Cup finals tournament), were from outside Europe. The last place in the finals was contested between USA and Mexico only three days before the start of the tournament in a one-off match in Rome which the United States won.
10 of these teams made their first World Cup appearance. This included 9 of the 12 European teams (Italy, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Austria, and Switzerland) as well as Egypt. Egypt was the first team from Africa in the finals and would not qualify again until the next time the competition was held in Italy, in 1990.
Stadio Nationale PNF Rome 1934 World Cup Final venue.
There is a strong Celtic connection in this game, 8 Slavia Prague players take the field (11 in the squad of 22) a legacy of the attacking style of play introduced by Ex-Celtic hero Johnny Madden, who managed the Prague club from 1905 and remained influential until he retired age 66 in 1930. He is revered as the Father of Czech football and is buried in Prague.
You can read more here…
In other news …
In 1934 Spain beat Brazil 3-1 in the Luis Ferrari Stadio Communale in Genoa, known locally as the ‘Marissi’ it’s was built in 1911 and is the oldest soccer stadium in Italy shared by both Genoa and Sampdoria
The stadium also hosted games at the 1990 World Cup Final involving Scotland, Sweden and Costa Rica. Most fans will however, recall the pulsating ‘Round of 16’ match between Ireland & Romania, when Celtic’s Packie Bonner saved a penalty and David O’Leary scored the decisive penalty taking the Irish to a Quarter Final against Italy in Rome. Toto Schillaci’s 38th minute goal was all that separated the teams.
From 1984- 1986 Graeme Souness played at the Marissa for Sampdoria and helped them win their first ever Italian Cup.
A delicious coincidence that a player known for arrogance, brutality and disrespect towards his opponents, will ruefully recall 20 Years ago, this month, his Blackburn team were absolutely ripped up and shredded by Martin O’Neill’s Celtic team at Ewood Park. (14th Nov, 2002)
The Italian match officials weren’t in a mood to show him any favours either!
His “Men against Boys” comments had seeped out from under their dressing after the 1st Leg at Celtic Park. Guys like Sutton, Hartson, Lennon, Lambert, Larsson and Thompson did their “talking on the pitch ” and literally rammed his words back down his big mouth.
“the Blackburn team was outplayed, out thought and their fans were out-sung…”
2002-11-14: Blackburn Rovers 0-2 Celtic, UEFA Cup 2nd Leg
Blackburn 0-2 Celtic (Agg: 0-3)
Friedel, Curtis (Gillespie 46), Short, Johansson, Neill, Thompson, Tugay, Dunn, Duff, Yorke (Jansen 64), Cole.
Subs: Todd, Grabbi, Ostenstad, Douglas, Kelly.
Douglas, Valgaeren, Balde, Laursen, Agathe (Sylla 82), Lennon, Petrov (Thompson 77), Sutton, Guppy, Larsson, Hartson (Lambert 67).
Subs: Fernandez, Maloney, Crainey, Gould.
Goals: Larsson (15), Sutton (68)
Referee: C Bolognino (Italy)
Here’s the game folks.. enjoy!
Guest article by SeS
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